When the CIA was created, its purpose was to create a clearinghouse for foreign policy intelligence and analysis.
Today its primary purpose is to collect, analyze, evaluate, and disseminate foreign intelligence, and to perform covert actions.
For example, the development of the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft was done in cooperation with the United States Air Force.
The Central Intelligence Agency was created on July 26, 1947, when Harry S. A major impetus for the creation of the CIA was the unforeseen attack on Pearl Harbor.
In addition, towards the end of World War II the U. government felt the need for a group to coordinate intelligence efforts. Roosevelt to authorize the creation of an intelligence service modeled after the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), and Special Operations Executive.
Subsequently, NPIC was transferred to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA).
The CIA established its first training facility, the Office of Training and Education, in 1950.
Moreover, the CIA is the only agency authorized by law to carry out and oversee covert action at the behest of the President.